The central form of communication on social network sites is the communication with and through images. This book studies images and image-based communication on social network sites such as Facebook.
ABOUT - First, the authors analyze the two central image categories in depth – profile images and photo albums. What follows is the portrayal of dramaturgical and staging strategies of the (semi) professional photography on the nightlife platforms, which leads to an evaluation of the importance of the international glamour photography as a parameter of private photographic self-expression.
Other questions that the authors ponder in the volume are: Which functions and meanings do images have for the communications between users on social network sites? To what extent could certain design characteristics in the image-based communication on sns establish themselves as prototypical staging patterns? Which staging traditions are followed thereby? Which staging strategies are followed on different online platforms by the users’ (self) visualizations?
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In this paper, we explore the possibility of using social networking tools to support teaching practice in technological courses.
Authors: Chi-Un Lei, Tomas Krilavicius, Nan Zhang, Kaiyu Wan and Ka Lok Man
Published in Proceedings of the International Multiconference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2012 Vol II, IMECS 2012, March 14-16, Hong Kong.
Pedagogy with Web 2.0 technologies is shown to facilitate the teaching-learning process through content sharing and idea collaboration. In this paper, we explore the possibility of using social networking tools, to support teaching practice in technological courses. In our study, we utilized 1) Facebook Page as a platform to share content, experiences and news of a general engineering course, and 2) blog as a collaborative writing tool to express thoughts and opinions in a common core (general education) course. After our one-semester (threemonths) study, we found that Facebook Page is an easy-touse and familiar tool for students to share and exchange ideas among classmates, peers and public.
Index Terms: Information technology in education, general education, Facebook, social media network, blog, technological education, higher education
The innovation of technologies like Facebook, Twitter and blogs originates in a global hegemonic system which retains their ultimate ownership in and through existing mass media and telecommunications conglomerates. How do people, through their engagement with this technological and cultural convergence, really influence or alter political, corporate, and social power structures?
Abstracts due Feb 28, 2012.
Convergence, Engagement and Power: Digital convergence and the challenge to global hegemony. 24-25 May 2012. The 6th Annual PhD Conference at the Institute of Communication Studies University of Leeds.
From Iran to China, Cairo to Oakland, Chechnya to Tunisia, emergent technologies are playing critical roles in the emergence, sustenance, and viability of populist upheavals against autocratic and despotic authorities and institutions. Empowered by the prosthetics of advanced technical devices, the other ‘99%’ appear to have broken the monopolistic access to creating and disseminating information, ideas and political expression. As such, the authority, legitimacy, and hegemony of traditional elites seem to be challenged.
Focusing on the role of technology, these events are visibly mediated by popular social media networks such as Twitter, Facebook, and blogs. These incredibly popular new forms of social media permeate every aspect of everyday life, revivifying the possibility of a more democratic discourse. At the same time, the innovation of these technologies originates in a global hegemonic system which retains their ultimate ownership in and through existing mass media and telecommunications conglomerates. Amidst this hybridity, there is a multifaceted and multi-layered convergence which is influencing the ways old and new media are produced. This begs the question of how, and to what extent, people, through their engagement with this technological and cultural convergence, are really influencing or altering political, corporate, and social power structures. Optimistic expectations and pessimistic disdain are polarizing the debate. Hence, this conference poses the question; to what extent are engagements with convergent media challenging or influencing hegemonies in the digital age?
In the light of these technological, cultural, social and political events, we invite research students from any related discipline to submit their papers to the 6th Annual PhD Conference at the Institute of Communications Studies at the University of Leeds. This international conference aims at fostering debate among graduate students, along with keynote addresses and practical workshops.
Submissions related (but not limited) to the following questions are warmly welcomed:
Please email a 300 word abstract plus institutional affiliation and short bio to the following email address by February 28, 2011 (earlier submissions welcome!) email@example.com
Abstracts and papers are submitted to peer-review.
Author Notification of Abstracts accepted
There’s a new issue out (Volume 16, Number 12) of online open-access journal First Monday, with articles ranging from understanding collaboration in Wikipedia to a critical understanding of intellectual property rights and piracy.
These are the articles and corresponding abstracts:
Understanding collaboration in Wikipedia, by Royce M. Kimmons
Previous attempts at studying collaboration within Wikipedia have focused on simple metrics like rigor (i.e. the number of revisions in an article’s revision history) and diversity (i.e. the number of authors that have voluntarily contributed to a given article) or have made generalizations about collaboration within Wikipedia based upon the content validity of a few select articles. By analyzing the contents of randomly selected Wikipedia articles (n = 1,271) and their revisions (n = 85,563) more closely, this study attempts to understand what collaboration within Wikipedia actually looks like under the surface. Findings suggest that typical Wikipedia articles are not rigorous, in a collaborative sense, and do not reflect much diversity in the construction of content and macro-structural writing, leading to the conclusion that most articles in Wikipedia are not reflective of the collaborative efforts of any community but, rather, represent the work of relatively few contributors.
Achieving rigor and relevance in online multimedia scholarly publishing, by Mark Anderson-Wilk, Jeff Hino
This paper discusses the importance of relevance and rigor in scholarly publishing in a new media–rich world. We defend that scholarship should be useful and engaging to audiences through the use of new media, and at the same time scholarly publishers must develop and maintain methods of ensuring content accuracy and providing quality controls in the production of scholarly multimedia products. We review examples and a case study of existing scholarly publishing venues that attempt to maintain quality control standards while embracing innovative multimedia formats. We also present lessons learned from the case experience and challenges that face us in the scholarly publication of multimedia.
LOLing at tragedy: Facebook trolls, memorial pages and resistance to grief online, by Whitney Phillips
This paper examines the emergence of organized trolling behaviors on Facebook, specifically in relation to memorial groups and fan pages. In addition to mapping the development of RIP trolling — in which online instigators post abusive comments and images onto pages created for and dedicated to the deceased — the paper also examines the highly contentious and ultimately parasitic relationship(s) between memorial trolls, Facebook’s social networking platform and mainstream media outlets. Recalling Oring’s account of disaster humor, the paper goes on to suggest that, inadvertently or not, Facebook memorial page trolling presents a pointed critique of a tragedy–obsessed global media.
Back to the “wall”: How to use Facebook in the college classroom, by Caroline Lego Muñoz, Terri Towner
The evolving world of the Internet — blogs, podcasts, wikis, social networks — offers instructors and students radically new ways to research, communicate, and learn. Integrating these Internet tools into the college classroom, however, is not an easy task. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to examine the role of social networking in education and demonstrate how social network sites (SNS) can be used in a college classroom setting. To do this, existing research relating to SNS and education is discussed, and the primary advantages and disadvantages of using SNS in the classroom are explored. Most importantly, specific instructions and guidelines to follow when implementing SNS (i.e., Facebook) within the college classroom are provided. Specifically, we show that multiple types of Facebook course integration options are available to instructors. It is concluded that SNS, such as Facebook, can be appropriately and effectively used in an academic setting if proper guidelines are established and implemented.
Cascades and the political blogosphere, by Jeffrey Swift
Despite the fact that political blogs seem to be just as dominated by elites as traditional journalism, networks of individuals play an essential role in spreading arguments in the political blogosphere. The hyperlinking economy of political blogs is powered by competition, elevation, and access. This economy values networks of individuals just as much as — if not more than — it values elite top–tier bloggers.
Accumulation, control and contingency: Towards a critical understanding of intellectual property rights’ ‘piracy’, by Yiannis Mylonas
This article problematizes piracy a) as a hegemonic discourse and technology of control, aiming to securitize late capitalist accumulation; b) as a practice developed by the multitudes that is compatible to post–Fordist mode of production and to neoliberal norms; and, c) as resistance to dominant mode of late capitalist production, distribution and consumption of immaterial goods. The article addresses and criticizes capitalism’s ‘organic’ and strategic colonization of fundamental social commons, such as culture, intellectual goods, as well as human creativity and communication, by looking at the ideological, institutional and material processes that reproduce the capitalist ‘machine’. This paper concludes by considering the possibility of overcoming the capitalist approach to commons, through the politicization of IPR as well as through the connection of the problem they pose to broader social perspectives, confronting capitalism — in its post political disguises — politically.
In this paper, we present some early experiences obtained from developing two real-world social applications, the ﬁrst for environmental monitoring in a farm and the second for increasing energy awareness by sharing electricity consumption information between friends. […] We demonstrate the potential beneﬁts of giving a social texture to pervasive applications.
By: Andreas Kamilaris, Diomidis Papadiomidous and Andreas Pitsillides, Networks Research Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.
Social networking is a core part of the global online experience. The Web 2.0 has been transformed into a social Web, extending the social capabilities of users. A big challenge for the Web is to become ubiquitous, blended with the everyday life of people. The Pervasive Web would be effectively enabled when physical things are seamlessly connected to the Web, offering real-world services to users.
In a previous work, we examined the feasibility of utilizing existing online social networking platforms, to create a social smart home that promotes sharing of sensor and household devices between family members. In this paper, we present some early experiences obtained from developing two real-world social applications, the ﬁrst for environmental monitoring in a farm and the second for increasing energy awareness by sharing electricity consumption information between friends. Through these two deployments, we demonstrate the potential beneﬁts of giving a social texture to pervasive applications.
Keywords: Pervasive Web; Web of Things; Social Networking; Facebook; Environmental Monitoring; Energy Awareness